Rehabar Handloom – Saree Weavers in India

5 Different Maheshwari Saree making process

5 Different Techniques of Making Handmade Sarees

Sarees: Six yards of sheer elegance!
Handmade sarees are marvellous creations of weavers who make them on a non-motorised, hand-operated loom. Generally, these sarees are made of ropes, wood, and other natural fabrics in a handloom. Also, there are many varieties of handmade sarees like Tussar, Banarasi, Baluchi, Organza, Silk, Kalamkari, and many more.
Moreover, each of these sarees is impressive in its unique way, be it the skill, the material used, or the design.

The production of handmade sarees in India is Maheshwar’s contribution to the Indian economy. Handwoven sarees are mostly made in rural areas like Maheshwar, villages of West Bengal, Orissa, and Jaipur.
But how are these sarees made?
Well, we have an answer to this question.
Here are the five different techniques used to make beautiful handmade & handwoven sarees:

5 Techniques and Process of Making Handmade Sarees

1. Petni Technique

It’s the conventional technique practised in weaving Kancheepuram Silk sarees. In this saree, the pallu part is of a different colour than the body part of the saree. The warp is gaited and set properly. And the weaving of the body length of the saree is initiated with three shuttles. In the latter, one shuttle is used with the red weft and the other two shuttles with the blue weft. Additionally, the border wefts are connected with weft. This interlocking part of weaving is called Body Weaving. It is then proceeded by introducing extra warp designs in the blue border. After finishing off the required length of body weaving, the loom is stopped. This is done in order to shift the red colour body warp into blue colour by adopting the technique called ‘Petni’ work.

2. Kondi Technique

Kondi technique is the ancestral technique used in weaving Ilkal silk sarees to get two colours in the length of the body warp. Pallu length is weaved in one colour and the remaining length in another colour. The red colour body warp is formulated by the peg warping method. Also, the warp has a crossing of ends and a free loop on both aspects. Additionally, a bobbin containing blue colour yarn in single-ply is mounted on a swift. And, it is then passed through the top open loop of red colour. Moreover, the machine contains a U-hook of red ends connected with blue ends. 

3. Reku Technique

Reku technique is the technique used in weaving Dharmavaram silk sarees to get two colours in the length of the body warp. With this technique, the pallu part is weaved in one colour and the remaining length in another colour. Because pallu and borders of saree are to be in solid blue colour woven with blue warp and blue weft. And, the body is to be in solid red colour woven with red warp and red weft.

4. Korvai Technique

Basically, this heritage weaving technique is used to weave the body of the sari in a distinct colour contrasting with the border. Simultaneously, the weft of the body colour does not connect with the warp threads of the border. Thus, in this technique, the body of the sari and the border is woven separately on the same loom. Therefore, it is done by skilful weavers.

5. Flying Shuttle Loom

It’s a world-class invention in which the shuttle carries the yarn that forms weft through the fibres of the warp. And, the shuttle has bullet-shaped ends and rollers to reduce friction.

During weaving, the interlacement of warp and weft packs of yarn is done. The foot pedals of the tool are pressed to lift the heddles. Also, tremendous attention and good body stamina are required during weaving.
Therefore, these inventions changed the textile industry. And, the credit goes to our hardworking weavers who contribute to modernizing the fashion world.

Conclusion:

So, these were the 5 different techniques that are used the most in weaving beautiful handmade sarees across India. We hope this blog helped you understand better Indian culture, its traditional techniques, and the art of making elegant sarees.

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